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factor de riesgo
Element that has the potential to be converted into a source of pressure or stress under future or possible conditions in the physical, environmental, territorial or sociocultural context. For example, environmental processes of a geomorphological or climatic order that, not being active, are latent, to the extent that cycles of repetition indicated by research are available to long term management. Also, legislation, development policies or specific projects of investment that are incompatible with the preservation of cultural artefacts and their values.
Pre-Colombian item of women's clothing, rectangular in shape and of different sizes: short belts can measure approximately 50 cms, and the longest are funeral belts, up to 10 m in length.
faja ancha
Larger or 'mother' belt with which the waist is wrapped in the first place, since it is considered the principal one; on top of this another, narrower belt might be wrapped; designs are more geometric than figurative.
faja angosta
Type of cord or rope used to tie a piece of clothing to the waist.
faja de guagua
Narrow cotton belt, white with narrow bands, used to wrap the baby, so that it is held rigid; it is believed that this allows the baby to grow without any abnormal curvature.
faja de guerra
Item of men's clothing, narrower than the conventional waist belt made in warp faced technique, with checker board designs and worn round the hand to give more power to the fist in fights or confrontations.
faja doble
Belt made of two main parts, each a belt in itself worn on the front and back part of the waist and joined by another section that brings the two together.
faja mortuoria
Pre-Colombian item of clothing characterised by its length, which can reach 10 m in some cases allowing it to wrap round mummies of the dead a number of times. Nowadays, long belts of some 7 m are used to decorate altars and arches during festivals and also to wrap round individuals several times as clothing.
faja trenzada
Item of women's clothing, made in knotting technique, and used by Aymara women in the Chilean mountains, for example.
Rectangular bag with the greatest width in the direction of the warp, made in a single piece of warp faced cloth, folded longitudinally and closed at its sides and upper part, with a central opening in the latter, so that it can be used to contain things: it is attached to the waist by two cords, made of plaited or braided cords, stitched at both ends, and is worn along with a waistband.
Women's garment of the pre-colonial period, like a skirt, made on a base of plant fibres and later from thick threads of camellid fibre joined together by a cord that ties it to the waist.
faz de trama
Category of weave in which the spacing of the weft threads predominates over the warp threads, to the point of hiding them. With weft faced techniques in the selection of the weft threads, often with the use of discontinuous wefts to create different areas of colour, texture and figures, it has been possible to develop very fine, high prestige textiles with a very clear iconography. In the Inka period, larger weft faced pieces were made on vertical looms, in which the tension of the warp was controlled with weights.
faz de urdimbre
Category of weave, in which the spacing of the warp threads predominates over the weft threads, to the point of hiding them. With warp faced techniques, centred on the selection of warp threads in different layers to create the figures, it has been possible to create the most complex textiles in the Andes, perhaps in the world.
faz de urdimbre fina
Category of weave in which the spacing of the warp threads over those of the weft, in which a certain fineness is achieved which could be called qumpi.
Woven hat made with a variant of the 'needle technique' in basketry, in the form of a truncated cone, made by means of a weft that gradually wraps a structure of thicker threads as loops that gradually join each other.
Material composed of filaments that can be plaited to form threads.
fibra animal
Fibre derived from an animal, from example Andean camelids.
fibra de algodón
Spongy fibre derived from the flower of the cotton plant. It usually produces threads that are opaque and matt in the light, by comparison with animal hair which is shiny.
fibra de alpaca
Very fine and spongy hair produced by shearing alpacas, either from a live animal or from a hide, which is used in textiles of high social status.
fibra de camélido
Very fine and spongy hair produced by shearing camelids, either from a live animal or from a hide. It usually produces threads that are shiny in the light, by comparison with cotton fibre which is usually opaque and matt.
fibra de híbridos
Fibre or hair that is produced by shearing hybrid animals, for example crosses between wild camelids and domesticated ones, either from a live animal or from a hide.
fibra de huanaco
Spongy fibre produced by shearing huanacos, either from a live animal or from a hide; this fibre is still used in Argentina for artesanal textiles.
fibra de llama
Spongy fibre of varying quality produced by shearing llamas, either live animals or hides; this fibre is used in textiles of social status.
fibra de ovino
Fibre derived from sheep.
fibra de vicuña
Very fine, spongy hair produced by shearing vicuñas, either live animals or hides, and used in textiles of social status.
fibra mineral
Filament obtained from a mineral.
Range of textile uses in the festivals of a particular community or region, for example as gifts to the assistants at a festival.
figura lineal
Sub-class of geometrical figurative motifs, mainly elaborated through even technique in warp faced textiles. It covers different motifs, such as small chain or necklace, general stepped motif, Greek, linear Z motif and seed-eye, amongst others.
figura no lineal
Geometrical figurative motif characterised by its non-linear form.
Typology of motif that includes recognisable images that belong to the known world. It includes anthropomorphs, zoomorphs, work instruments, etc; and their sub-classes. The figurative motifs are usually elaborated in techniques of even counting.