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Textile style associated with the Gallinazo culture of the north coast of Peru.
A tubular hook made out of metal, bone, tooth, wood or cactus spine, with the point folded, whose function is to finish the selvages and borders in crochet.
Fabric characterised by the formation of crosses (so-called gauze cross) when the alternate threads of the warp are crossed and then recrossed to come back to their original position after the passage of the weft to secure this cross, which creates the open work of the cloth.
generación de recurso natural
Process by which a natural resource for textile production is generated: in the case of plants producing dyestuffs by cultivating them, or in the case of wool producing animals, rearing them.
Typology of motif and class of a block of motifs that includes unrecognisable images, their relation to the known world being impossible. Includes motifs from the subclass small, abstract geometrical, and figurative-geometrical. Generally made using uneven technique in warp face.
geométrico abstracto
Subclass of geometrical motifs that include images of squares, hexagons, diagonal and wavy lines, "S", "X", "H" motifs and so on. Generally elaborated through warp face uneven techniques of archaeological or ethnographic type.
geométrico menudo
Subclass that includes geometrical motifs identified as celestial bodies: eight-pointed stars or rayed sun, amongst others. Generally elaborated in warp face weaves through uneven counting techniques, 1|1.
Subclass of geometrical motifs that tend towards figuration. Among these have been identified Charazani keys, eyes, throne and tongue, zig zag with birds, leaves on a branch and so on. Usually woven in warp face and even and derived odd technique, 2|1.
Set of items of different types, colours and sizes used to cover the head.
gorro anillado
Hat of woven fibre, without a peak, round and tall, sometimes in tubular form, woven in looping technique, it shows polychrome step designs and is used to cover the head.
gorro anillado con coleta
Cap made of woven fibre, without a peak, round and somewhat flattened, made in looping technique, also with a woven extension in the rear part, in the form of a tail, that ends in various strips in the form of thin cords.
gorro de cintillo y casquete
Type of hat made out of a low crown and a more or less narrow brim: the crown is made in different techniques from the most complex to the simplest; the brim is woven in plant fibre, to which is attached camelid hair, as a lining.
gorro de cuatro puntas
Hat or cap of woven material, without a peak, round or square at the base, finished with four points like small horns; in some regions it allows the ethnic origin of the wearer to be known, or indicates political or religious authority.
gorro discoidal
Hat woven in plant fibre, in basketwork technique, it has a disk-like form and finishes in a bundle of plaited threads decorated with feathers; the base has the form of a belt which is fitted to the head and from the ends of this come two fibres in the form of cords that are used to attach it; it is worn by herders and those travelling in caravans from the quebrada of Tarapaca, in the period after the fall of Wari and Tiwanaku.
gorro en miniatura
Small cap of approximately 2,3 x 3,3 cm.
gorro hemisférico
Cap of plant fibre, in ring technique, in the form of a hemisphere and with a plush surface.
gorro semicircular
Cap of woven fibre, semicircular in form, made in simple ring technique, can show a pig tail made out of skin or warp-face fabric.
grado de complejidad
Refers to the place achieved in learning in the sequence from the simplest to the most complex tasks.
grupo de edad
Group of actors (often those who use or wear textiles) organised by age, for example, infants, children, young people, married people and older people, and even the dead.
Item of clothing made of wool, knitted, used to cover the hand, with traditional designs that vary according to the region. It can also be made out of leather, and used only by men in confrontations in war or ritual fights called 'tinku'.
Textile style belonging to the Guaraní of the Chaco.