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Textile style associated with the Cabuza society in the interior of Arica during the Middle Horizon.
Geometrical-figurative motif of a linear figure that is composed of a band of design with seed-like motifs, of smaller size. It is found in archaeological warp faced textiles from the Middle Period in the interior of Arica and the Atacama basin, and in ethnographic textiles from the lake region of Peru and Bolivia, from Sacaca etc. The chains are usually elaborated through fine ladder technique with intercalated colour, counting with an even count , 2/2 and 4/4, and the selected technique with an even count 2/2. In ethnographic textiles it is found elaborated with ladder technique with intercalated colour and even count 2/2 and 4/4, in north Charkas, Carangas, Puno and Lupaqa style.
Square item of clothing as a variant of the old women's acso and the female equivalent of the open poncho or cahua (qhawa) that men wear, used in the Asanaque region a generation ago. It is attached at the right shoulder with a tupo (tupu) or metal pin, and crosses the body forming a carrying space under the armpit. It is kept in place at the waist with a sash or belt and hangs down from there.
Part of the tackle of the loom, calibrators are instruments for planning the cloth that is being made, counting with a system of measures that allows the density of threads that make up the weft and warp to be measured by cm.
Item of winter clothing in the form of false sleeves that became fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries as male clothing, its use extending across the central Andes and now widespread in central Peru as knitted clothing.
Accessory for both sexes used to protect the sole of the foot when walking, and made out of different materials: plant fibres, leather, wood etc.
Modern male underclothing which covers the body from the waist down to a variable point on the thigh.
Dynamic of the changes in style and composition of textiles, which express intergenerational differences or the arrival of new influences from the outside.
cambios en los textiles postguerra
The set of changes in textiles within a region that occur after an episode of warfare, when new elements from allied or defeated neighbours are integrated. These changes can be seen in their structures and techniques, composition, designs and use of colour.
cambios entre centros y periferias
Dynamic of changes in textile styles, above all to incorporate peripheries into the dominant styles of the centres of power, although this incorporation is done with a certain identitarian touch.
Geometrical figurative motif made of a diagonal line with curls, known as aywara. It is similar to curls of the wavy type. Through its diagonal tendency and curling form, this type of image is elaborated in warp faced textiles through the selected technique counting by derived odd 2|1.
camino de aprendizaje textil
Peculiarly Andean institutionalised sequence of stages of learning/apprenticeship of the tasks involved in textile production organised by gender and age groups, in which there is movement from the simplest practices to the most complex ones, according to age and sex of the person involved.
Modern item of male clothing that covers the upper part of the body, made initially by men from baize, by hand: it has a wide and loose stile and more recently it is made out of cloth.
campo cuadrado
Figurative motif of the geographical and production environment. It has a square form with appendices of straight lines on the long sides and curls or scrolls at the two ends. We identify this motif as a square field, probably irrigated land, indicated by the straight lines and wavy lines. It is found in warp faced archaeological textiles from the Early Colonial Period (1535-1780 AD).
Receptacle, for example, for weaving tools, made out of plant fibres.
Style of textile that reproduces iconographic patterns of the Candelaria culture.
capacho cotidiano
Men's bag, like a rectangular haversack, that has woollen bobbles with fringes on the sides and lower part: made on a base of sheep's wool, and is carried as a bandoleer thanks to a wide sash that is joined to the extremes of the upper opening.
capillo puntiagudo
Pointed head covering of woven fibre that in some Chilean regions has long ear flaps that reach down to the shoulders and a similar extension in the back part.
características del sistema de conocimiento
Specific characteristics of the ensemble of knowledge(s) of a determinate society or culture, interrelations in a system that are expressed in textiles, which yield a certain emphasis according to the ecology and social life of a particular region.
características del sistema de representaciones
Specific characteristicsof the ensemble of representations in a culture or society expressed in textiles whose emphasis depends on the ecology and social life of a particular region.
caracterización de estos cambios
Characterisation of the changes in textiles of a particular region by structures, techniques, styles, colours and iconographic composition, as well as the analysis of the social forces behind those changes (institutional influences, modernisation, globalisation, etc).
Textile style that reproduces in warp faced cloths reproduces the design patterns of the Carangas Cabuza groups.
cardador áspero de fibra
Carding instrument with the teeth of the comb spaced widely apart, with which the first rough carding is done.
cardador de fibra
Carding instrument, in the past made out of the carda or fruit of the cardon cactus, but now a metal comb.
cardador fino de fibra
Carding instrument, with the teeth of the comb narrowly spaced, with which the last carding is done.
cardador mediano de fibra
Carding instrument, with the teeth of the comb medianly spaced, in which the second, middle carding is done.
Cloth woven on a loom which is placed on a mule's back, like a mat or cushion to sit on.
Covering made out of solid material used to protect the head from blows or wounds, generally, in a situation of battle or warfare.
casco de guerra
Battle helmet used to protect the head in situations of warfare.
casco de varillas
Helmet with a structure made of cane or other plant material filled out with pieces of spun camelid wool, composed of horizontal sticks and with polychrome geometrical motifs, sometimes carrying complex accessories like handfuls of feathers, pieces of human hair or hat-band like pieces of textile: belonging to the Wari culture. In early colonial times, this piece of war armour was made out of leather.