Document Actions


In the past, a men's ceremonial cap, knitted and coming from the region of the Asanaque, to the south of the department of Oruro in Bolivia.
Inka textile style characterised by the production of apparel in tapestry weave in the mountains of southern Peru.
Large mantle, woven by men for wear by figurs of importance: it has a checkered composition in vlack and white; sometimes it is also worn as a mantle for an 'apthapi'.
Textile style that belongs to the Ciénega culture of the Argentine puna during the Formative Period. It presents warp-face and tapestry-style cloth.
Cloth woven on a loom used to secure the saddle on the mule or donkey, and tied under the animal's belly.
Sash or girdle of approximately 5 cm width and 80 cm length made on a waist loom and for purposes of cranial deformation.
Narrow band, made in warp face, and used nowadays as a hat band in the region of southern Oruro and northern Potosí, Bolivia.
cinturón de cuero
In Tarabuco in the department of Chuquisaca, Bolivia a type of leather girdle with decorations made of metal rivets, buttonholes, making images typical of the region, and worn for ceremonial purposes.
circulación del textil
Final part of the sequence of textile production, when the cloth as product has already entered into circulation in society, including its uses, the ways in which it is used, distributed and valued in society.
circulación textil
Final part of the sequence of textile production, when the cloth as product has already entered into circulation (or non-circulation) in society and the characteristic forms of this circulation, whether as gifts between relatives or allies, products of exchange, or buying and selling, or alternatively as inalienable objects.
circunstancia tecnológica
The specific circumstances or features of a particular region or comminity where technological developments related to textile production occur. This refers especially to the developments in the construction and complexity of the loom, its tools and instruments that are slowly developed in the elaboration of a textile.
cobertor púbico
Item of men's clothing from the Pre-Colombian period which consists of a triangular piece of cloth, with the point downwards and a woven extension that is joined to another two extensions that come out from both sides of the upper part to attach it to the waist.
Process of measured 'cooking' of the material to be used for the making of textiles: it involves an aqueous solution together with the dye, and is used to improve the absorption and fixing of the dye to the molecules of the material.
Mattress, typical of rural areas, in the recent past made out of different pieces of recycled cloth stitched together to an approximate thickness of 5 cm, used in beds made out of adobe of more or less 50 cm in height.
colección textil
What is referred to in textile evaluation and constituted by a set of items, whose origin in many cases has more to do with a period of plunder of objects of value than dialogue and intermediation and their exhibition to an elite audience. Nowadays included in museum collections administered by professionals with an invaluable capital of textile objects that are well looked after and documented.
Cloth or panel possibly hung in temples in the Pre-Colombian period, comprising curtain, canopy and other forms.
Colonial Tardío (1780-1825 d.C.)
Period in which the Colonial order begins to suffer a severe deterioration and there are rebellions and uprisings.
Colonial Temprano (1535-1780 d.C.)
Period in which the Spanish Crown conquers the Andes, converts the region into colonies and installs a new social, economic and political order.
Refers to the complex structures of 3 to 8 layers of warp and the complex techniques, especially selected, re selected and double weave.
Use of textiles in contemporary transactions of buying and selling.
comunidad de práctica
Social group with common interests, in this case in textile production. Could also be social groups constituted with the purpose of developing a specialised knowledge in textiles, that shared learning or apprenticeships based in a shared reflection on practical experiences. In a community of practice what becomes explicit is the informal transfer of knowledge within networks and groups offering a formal structure that allows more knowldge to be acquired through shared experiences within the group. The group's own identity is reinforced in reinforcing learning as a process of 'participation' and shared 'leadership'. Hence the term includes a range of agencies from rural Andean communities that produce textiles on an everyday level to groups whose members are, for example actors related to museums or NGOs, or even academics with an iterest in sharing their practical experiences in the textile field. The 'Weaving Communities of Practice' project seeks to generate a network of this type to share knowledge about textiles.
conceptualización de la obra
Mental visualisation of the textile work, in its planning and structural, technical, and iconographic characteristics, developed in the mind of the weaver, before the work is started in practice.
cono de hilo
Thread collected in a cone-like shape having been formed on a manual distaff and extracted from it.
All the knowledge gathered through experience or learning (a posteriori) or through introspection (a priori) that has certain emphases or characteristics in its organisation depending on the needs of a particular culture or society.
conocimiento personal
A particular person's accumulation of knowledge through experience of the tasks involved in the production and use of textiles.
conocimiento práctico
Accumulation through experience in textile practice (and its elaboration and social use) of a determinate person or group.
conocimiento tradicional
Body of local knowledge about the textile field in all stages of its sequence of production and use. This knowledge is centred on the practices of husbandry, raising of wool-bearing animals, obtaining natural resources (dyes, fibres) and their transformation into yarn (spinning, plaiting, washing, dyeing) and all the stages of textile elaboration from warping, weaving, sewing and finishing, and finally the practices around the use of textiles in society.
Actitivity consisting of adopting measures so that a particular item experiences the least number of changes during the longest possible period. The following can be distinguished: I) Preservation or conservation of the environment (indirect or peripheral) which is the activity that consists in adapting the environment conditions in which the item is found so that the latter can be maintained in its present state. This term replaces that of preventative conservation; ii) Conservation or direct conservation that is the activity that consists in preparing an particular item so that it undergoes the least changes by direct intervention but only through technical imperatives. Understood by an average observer in ordinary observation conditions of this item. Direct conservation can also cause perceptible changes in some features.
consumo textil
Final part of the chain of contemporary textile production, oriented towards consumption, within relations of power, status, buying and selling etc.
Object associated with textile instrument, including receptacles for instruments and liquids.