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Textile style from the Moche culture on the north coast of Peru during the Late Intermediate period. It is characterised by tapestry cloths, painted fabric and occasionally warp face.
modelador de cabeza
A frame used to shape the head face and made out of different fabrics and cords on the base of a harder structure of wooden rods; its use and application express ethnic differences and those of role, status, and probably gender.
modelo para combinación de colores
Textile instrument used to plan the combination of colours in the composition of the textile.
modelo para combinar colores
Sample of a stick or sticks in the form of a zampoña or set of pan pipes, tied with threads of colour as a cartridge used as examples to i) count the warp threads and ii) the combination of colours in the design.
modelo para figuras
Textile instrument used to plan the figures to be used in the composition of the textile.
modelo para figuras textiles
Sample of cloth with a didactic function used to learn a specific figure or technique.
Textile style of the Mojocoya culture in the central Interandean valleys of Bolivia during the Middle Horizon. It shows cloths elaborated in warp face and tapestry.
moledera de piedra
Instrument made of a mortar and a stone used to crumble, fragment and grind the raw material of dyestuffs, for example plants, barks, roots, wood or minerals, for the process of dyeing.
Process by which the materials for dyeing are turned into more concentrated dyes by grinding them in grinders.
momentos de transformación
Moments of dramatic and profound changes in textile styles of a specific region, caused by internal or external influences.
Women's knitted accessory, used to carry money that can be of two types: the large, main purse that women, usually Aymara sellers from the Altiplano region, carry in their clothes; and the smaller one that is carried in the pocket.
Helmet introduced by the Spaniards, made out of leather from cattle and kept in place with belts or straps of double weave that are bitten by mouth; used nowadays to protect the head during 'tinkus' or ritual battles in the south of Oruro and the north of Potosí in Bolivia.
Chemical process used in the preparation of previously dyed fibres or during the 'cooking' of dyed material to enhance the absorption and fixing of the dye. Various substances of plant or mineral origin are used in this treatment.
Natural chemical substance that is added to the process of dyeing textile fibres or thread to facilitate the interaction between the molecular structure of the fibre and the solution of colorant and water, consolidating this connection and, at times, varying the final shade of the dye.
mordiente animal
Mordant obtained from an animal.
mordiente mineral
Mordant obtained from a mineral.
mordiente vegetal
Mordant obtained from a plant.
Image, in this case textile, of two principal types: plain motif and a design type motif. Among the design type motifs are found the key categories of figurative and geometric. Figurative motifs are those that can be identified with the real world, since they maintain a similarity with the known world. By contrast, geometric motifs are those that cannot be identified with reality, express abstract ideas, forming part of a system of communication interlocutors know. Figurative and geometric motifs can be subdivided in turn into subclasses: zoomorphic figurative, abstract geometric, etc.
motivo llano
Main type of motif that includes images elaborated in plain technique in warp face. They are classified by width into narrow stripe, medium stripe, wide stripe and pampa. They can show a determinate sequence of colours.
motivo tipo diseño
Main type of motif that includes the main classes or typology of motifs of ladder, figurative and geometric.
muerte del textil
The end of a textile's life when it has been totally exhausted or worn away by use, thrown into a rubbish dump or burned to destroy its remains in the case of a vigil or wake for a dead person.
Small figure, generally in the form of a person, made in knotting technique or out of pieces of cloth. In the archaeological period it was found in the burial sites of the dead, the placenta, or children.
State or private institution dedicated to the exhibition, in this case, of textiles, and their collection, conservation, preservation, restoration and safe-keeping.