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Process of measured 'cooking' of the material to be used for the making of textiles: it involves an aqueous solution together with the dye, and is used to improve the absorption and fixing of the dye to the molecules of the material.
Mattress, typical of rural areas, in the recent past made out of different pieces of recycled cloth stitched together to an approximate thickness of 5 cm, used in beds made out of adobe of more or less 50 cm in height.
colección textil
What is referred to in textile evaluation and constituted by a set of items, whose origin in many cases has more to do with a period of plunder of objects of value than dialogue and intermediation and their exhibition to an elite audience. Nowadays included in museum collections administered by professionals with an invaluable capital of textile objects that are well looked after and documented.
Cloth or panel possibly hung in temples in the Pre-Colombian period, comprising curtain, canopy and other forms.
Colonial Tardío (1780-1825 d.C.)
Period in which the Colonial order begins to suffer a severe deterioration and there are rebellions and uprisings.
Colonial Temprano (1535-1780 d.C.)
Period in which the Spanish Crown conquers the Andes, converts the region into colonies and installs a new social, economic and political order.
Refers to the complex structures of 3 to 8 layers of warp and the complex techniques, especially selected, re selected and double weave.
Use of textiles in contemporary transactions of buying and selling.
comunidad de práctica
Social group with common interests, in this case in textile production. Could also be social groups constituted with the purpose of developing a specialised knowledge in textiles, that shared learning or apprenticeships based in a shared reflection on practical experiences. In a community of practice what becomes explicit is the informal transfer of knowledge within networks and groups offering a formal structure that allows more knowldge to be acquired through shared experiences within the group. The group's own identity is reinforced in reinforcing learning as a process of 'participation' and shared 'leadership'. Hence the term includes a range of agencies from rural Andean communities that produce textiles on an everyday level to groups whose members are, for example actors related to museums or NGOs, or even academics with an iterest in sharing their practical experiences in the textile field. The 'Weaving Communities of Practice' project seeks to generate a network of this type to share knowledge about textiles.
conceptualización de la obra
Mental visualisation of the textile work, in its planning and structural, technical, and iconographic characteristics, developed in the mind of the weaver, before the work is started in practice.
cono de hilo
Thread collected in a cone-like shape having been formed on a manual distaff and extracted from it.
All the knowledge gathered through experience or learning (a posteriori) or through introspection (a priori) that has certain emphases or characteristics in its organisation depending on the needs of a particular culture or society.
conocimiento personal
A particular person's accumulation of knowledge through experience of the tasks involved in the production and use of textiles.
conocimiento práctico
Accumulation through experience in textile practice (and its elaboration and social use) of a determinate person or group.
conocimiento tradicional
Body of local knowledge about the textile field in all stages of its sequence of production and use. This knowledge is centred on the practices of husbandry, raising of wool-bearing animals, obtaining natural resources (dyes, fibres) and their transformation into yarn (spinning, plaiting, washing, dyeing) and all the stages of textile elaboration from warping, weaving, sewing and finishing, and finally the practices around the use of textiles in society.
Actitivity consisting of adopting measures so that a particular item experiences the least number of changes during the longest possible period. The following can be distinguished: I) Preservation or conservation of the environment (indirect or peripheral) which is the activity that consists in adapting the environment conditions in which the item is found so that the latter can be maintained in its present state. This term replaces that of preventative conservation; ii) Conservation or direct conservation that is the activity that consists in preparing an particular item so that it undergoes the least changes by direct intervention but only through technical imperatives. Understood by an average observer in ordinary observation conditions of this item. Direct conservation can also cause perceptible changes in some features.
consumo textil
Final part of the chain of contemporary textile production, oriented towards consumption, within relations of power, status, buying and selling etc.
Object associated with textile instrument, including receptacles for instruments and liquids.
contenedor de instrumentos
Receptacle whose function is to contain instruments used in making textiles.
Situation of interdependence between different material referents through the meanings and values attributed to them. This demands an archaeological and anthropological approach to method and focus.
contorno aserrado
Figurative motif composed of triangular forms similar to mountains that appear on the bands of designs accompanying other motifs and referring to the economic and geographical context. In archaeological warpfaced textiles it is elaborated in one by one reselected technique counting by basic even 2/2, selected technique by basic odd count, and double weave, in the Late San Miguel style.
controles sobre textiles mediante leyes suntuarias
The set of acts of control over materials used, and textile composition and iconography in the Pre-Colombian past and then in the Colonial period, according to the sumptuary laws governing rights to use and wear.
convenciones de aprendizaje
Communal normative structure of the set of tasks involved in learning textiles and their contents.
Twisted or plaited cord worn to keep things in place, and forming part of different textile products.
cordón torcido
In the early Colonial period, a twisted cord worn and fastened round the head or placed round the hat.
Range of woven bands used to fasten round the head as a crown.
corona tejida
Circlet made from woven or twisted material used to fasten round the head as a crown.
corona trenzada
Circlet made using plaiting or braiding technique out of plant or animal fibres, fastened round the head like a crown, from the San Pedro de Atacama, and contemporary with Tiwanaku. Also known as pillo.
corpus de diseños, colores y composiciones, y territorialidad
The links between territoriality, for example a particulat territory and the corpus of textiles used in that territory, especially their designs, colours and compositions.
Lariat or strap made of leather or animal sinew.